In the UK alone, there are approximately 750 cases of eye cancer (ocular cancer) diagnosed each year.
Cancer that develops within your eye:
The tissues surrounding your eyeball, is where the cancer can sometime develop. Also, it can spread from other parts of your body, including the lungs or breasts to the eyes.
Within this topic, the melanoma of the eye will be discussed which is one of the more common types of eye cancer. However, here is some further information on 6 rare eye conditions that you may want to know about.
Eye cancer is something that doesn’t exactly have obvious symptoms and may be found in a routine eye test.
The symptoms of eye cancer can include:
The above symptoms can also be caused by minor eye conditions. So, they are not necessarily a sign of cancer.
However, it is best to be safe and see a doctor as soon as possible. Also, we would all like to keep our eyesight working at its best capabilities and here at SpaMedica we want to try and help avoid anything happening to your eyes. NHS have some great insightful information on how to keep them safe!
Melanocytes, a pigment producing cells is what causes the melanoma cancer to develop. Generally, melanomas are found in the skin, but it is possible for it to happen on other parts of the body, such as the eye.
The eyeball is the most common place that is affected by eye melanoma. It is also known as uveal or choroidal melanoma, depending on which part of your eye is directly affected.
It is also able to influence the thin layer that covers the front of the eye (conjunctiva) or the eye lid.
When the pigment producing cells in the eyes divide and multiply at an unusually rapid pace, it produces a lump of tissue which is known as a tumour. This is how eye melanoma is caused.
Why does this happen? We do not have a clear idea yet however, some of the risk factors that may increase this happening are:
With coming of age, eye melanoma tends to be diagnosed in people over the age of 50.
If you have a very serious problem with your eyes, your GP or optician will refer you to a specialist eye doctor for an assessment. They are called ophthalmologist.
There are 4 centres In the UK that can treat you for eye melanoma, located in London, Sheffield, Liverpool and Glasgow.
There is a chance you will have several different tests at the centre which will consist of:
On a rare occasion, a thin needle may be used in order to take away a small sample of cells from the tumour.
The reason they will need to do this, is to identify any clear analysis of the cancer spreading or coming back.
The size and location of the tumour will determine the treatment required for melanoma.
The benefits and possible complications will be explained to you by your care team.
For eye melanoma, the main treatments are the following:
The ciliary body is a circular structure that is found just behind the iris. It is made up of the ciliary muscle and it is part of the eye that produces a fluid called aqueous humour. Essentially, what this does is that the shape of the lens changes when your eye is focused on an object that is near by.
Part of the uvea, the cirliary body also includes the iris (the circular, coloured curtain of the eye that surrounds the pupil) as well as the choroid of the eye, which is the thin layer of the eye found within the sclera (the white area of the eye) and the retina (it detects light, and generates impulses that travel through the optic nerve to the brain).BACK TO BLOG